Luka Bloom » The Connection
The Luka Bloom Connection
Fan Magazine from 1990 to 1993
connection issue 6

Issue #6 - Summer 1992
1. updates
2. Letters page
3. NYC review 4/14/92 (Symphony Space)
4. In Groningen LP review
5. interview with Luka in Co. Kerry, Ireland - November 1991
6. feature about Luka's writing "Rodrigo Is Home" - Hot Press 1988
7. German review (Cologne) 2/10/92

Publisher/Editor: June D. Sheridan

Contributors: Steven Eccles, Anke Dynewski,
Rowan Morrison, Diana Theodores, June Sheridan


Welcome to #6!
I'm pleased to report that the Connection has become quite the international publication, with subscribers from New Zealand, Spain, Ireland, Holland, Australia, Switzerland, Germany, Belgium, England, Canada, and the Republic of South Africa, as well as people from all parts of the United States. Thanks to everyone who's subscribed and participated in helping to make the Connection better and better. As always, I welcome all your reviews, photos, art work, classifieds, letters (a new feature), etc., for public consumption.

I hope all of you are enjoying your summer so far, and for those of you in Europe, I hope you're all especially enjoying the many opportunities to see Luka since the beginning of June. I didn't get the latest confirmed itinerary till after Issue 5 was already out, and there lies the reason why many of the dates were not included on the tour schedule page.

The month of June found Luka playing the London Fleadh on the 7th, as well as the Hamburg Stadtpark in Germany on the 8th, the Berlin Loft on the 9th, Bielefeld Kamp on the 11th, Hannover Capitol on the 12th, Münster Jovel on the 13th, the Grömnitz Festival on the 14th (with Herbert Grönemeyer), the Salzgitter Insel on the 16th, the Gummersbach Stadion Lochwiese on the 17th, the Duisburg Weden Stadion on the 19th, and leaving Germany on the 21st with a show at Trier Stadion.

After that it was on to Holland on the 27th, with Luka headlining at the Deventer Festival. Finishing off the month, Luka played in Switzerland at the festival in St. Gallen on the 28th.

At the moment the only confirmed tour dates I have for the rest of the summer are the Midtfyns Festival in Denmark on the 2nd of July and the 2-day festival in Belgium on July 4th and 5th. In August, there's the annual Feile in Thurles, Co. Tipperary, Ireland on the 1st, and on the 7th there's a festival in Sweden (check your local music paper/ticket agent for more details).

At press time, unfortunately, I have no itinerary for any confirmed US tour dates. But for any of you who'd like me to send you a schedule, please send a self-addressed, stamped envelope. That way, as soon as I get any news in about shows from now through October/November, I can send you a schedule as well.

Remember Sassy magazine's review of The Acoustic Motorbike by Christina that was reprinted in the last issue, where she went on to say that she found (and I quote) "Lukums' Irish accent thrilling and hilarious" while saying "sweaty and wet" on "I Need Love"? Since then, I'd read in the latest issue of the teen 'zine that when she went backstage at the U2 New York show in Madison Square Garden this past March, that she "was dissed by Luka Bloom and some other Warner Bros. personnel" while shmoozing with all the U2-types, including "The Bononator"' (read: Bono - where does she come up with these nicknames, anywas??) I'm just wondering if Christina found Luka's Irish accent "thrilling and hilarious" while being dissed...

Tricia Fitzgerald reports that the video for "I Need Love" is getting some air play on New Zeeland television.

There's a great review of The Acoustic Motorbike in the latest issue of Dirty Linen, written by Maureen Brennan. The quarterly magazine is jam-packed with gig reviews, tour information, interviews and photos, emcompassing all genres of traditional and contemporary Irish / Scottish / Celtic music, as well as folk, reggae and world music. I highly recommend it.

As mentioned in last issue's Updates section, HEAR music catalog/magazine features mini-reviews on both Riverside and The Acoustic Motorbike. It hails the debut record as "the album that got us into Luka Bloom. We remember the first time we heard one of these songs on radio. It was like a visit from the Lone Ranger. We just kept saying 'Who was that Irish man?!' As soon as we found out, we got us a copy of Riverside ...Luka couldn't have come at a better time." HEAR also quotes Luka on his recommendation of Sam Phillips' music: "Sam Phillips is a remarkable singer. Early in her career she opened for me, and waiting to go on, she just stood there in her coat talking to people. 'Ten minutes', she was told. She kept her coat on, kept talking. 'Five minutes' - same thing. When she was told it was time, she took off her coat, walked on stage, started to sing, and stunned everyone." HEAR describes her music as "Elvis Costello playing with a sharpened number two pencil." Order her new record, Cruel Inventions from HEAR, or any recording for that matter, and receive a free CD sampler, containing tracks from Luka, Lou Reed, Emmylou Harris, Daniel Lanois, Maura O'Connell and Julee Cruise.

That's it for now. Enjoy the rest of your summer, and expect issue 7 by late October/early November.

Pedal on!

Double Dutch

Barry Moore had already made a name for himself in Holland with the release of his debut album, Treaty Stone, in 1978, and after finding himself increasingly isolated from the rapidly booming punk scene in the Dublin of the late seventies, Barry, along with partner Eamon Murray, decided to move to the far north of the Netherlands in search of new musical directions - namely, a back-water town called Groningen. The result of this adventure was an interesting album entitled, not surprisingly, In Groningen. Although the record lacks the sheer wonderment of being in a foreign place, (i.e. Riverside) the record nevertheless has a moody, laid-back but pensive feel, probably more in keeping with the location, and as contradictory as this sounds, a similar emotion, albeit in a opposite direction as does Riverside.

In Groningen This album was released on the Kloet label, which was, from what I can gather, an arts group that ran a monthly alternative newspaper. In Groningen contains some nice melodies and some unusually interesting guitar and harmonica/saxophone arrangements. Aside from Moore and Murray, this project also featured Gerhardt Ammerlaan on bass, Geert Oude Weemink on melodeon, Buck Staub on, of all things, bodhran, and Olga Grooten's truly lovely flute playing.

The intro track, "Snowbird", begins the album with a haunting richness, moody guitars accompanied by a soft rich harmonica, which echoes in the background during the entire number. One interesting lyric in the song: "My fortune is fire, but I'm in tune with the sea", echoes Barry's long time fascination with bodies of water, which as we all know has continue up to the present day. "Dog Among the Bushes" is your standard Irish fare, a traditional type piece that demonstrates Luka's - sorry... Barry's superb fretwork. This was probably the "Te Adoro" of its time, and I found myself wishing he would beat the hell out of the guitar and really get the tune rolling, but alas this doesn't happen.

By the time "One Last Cold Kiss" comes out of the speakers, the album's major drawback becomes apparent, in that it lacks variety, and the songs seem to follow the same basic pattern, which in retrospect is unfair of me to criticize some fourteen years later. Given that this was recorded during what was without a doubt, the most musically impotent decade in the history of the human race, and considering what utter rubbish the general public were placing on their turntables during the seventies, this is quite a minor downfall. The album's best offering is the title track, "In Groningen", a song that conjures up another familiar theme in the man's songwriting, that is the stranger-in-a-strange-land saga: "Came into this city on a cold winter's morn", isn't too far away from his later song "Cold Comfort" (a song which sadly never made it on to vinyl) with its lyric "...on a freezing New York night". The Moore things change, etc.... The vocals and fretwork really shines on this song as does Eamon Murray who weaves a glorious melody in and out of the guitar chords in a sinewy fashion.

Probably the most surprising song on the album is the re-working of "Danny Boy". Like most Irish people (especially ones living in America) I can honestly say I detested that song, but as corny as this may sound, I (gulp) quite enjoyed this version. It sounds like a completely different song. Gone is the obligatory Hollywood/stage Irish images it normally conjures up - dare I say it? - he actually gives it some dignity, and now it strikes a whole different chord with me. "Our Land" (and I know it is quite rude of me to mention this fact) resembles a few of Christy Moore's songs, as does the occasional slower songs on the album. Not to say that this is a bad thing, but this was, as most people acknowledge, the major stumbling block to any chance of Barry Moore making a successful career for himself as a solo musician. It was no fault of his that his older brother was, and still is, one of the most influential artists in the history of Irish music. But as we all know now this turned out to be a blessing in disguise.

Although by no means in the same league as his later masterpieces, it's still worth trying to get your hands on a copy of this record, but be warned - you may find it easier to find the Holy Grail. In Groningen was a one-off album that had plenty of talent but little if any potential and was unfortunately already dated, considering that it was recorded at a time when Joy Division, and The Fall were pushing into new areas of popular music, in the same way that Luka is now destroying the stigma surrounding accoustic guitars. Ah well, some things are worth waiting for.

By Steven Eccles

In The Kerry Mountains

The following interview took place in November 1991, in, of all places, a bicycle shop in Dingle, County Kerry, just after the recording of the new album. David Donohue, a Dublin musician himself, provides the questions, which were then taped and edited for broadcast for Irish Television. It contained not only this interview, but also featured Luka performing "The Acoustic Motorbike" surrounded by some incredible scenery on the Dingle Peninsula, and later off to an empty movie theatre, where Luka performed "I Need Love". We begin with Luka looking back on the past couple of years of recording and touring.

Could you tell us what you've been doing since the release of Riverside?

You know, it's just great to be sitting here, the record finished, just taking it easy and getting ready to do more madness on the road.

I recorded Riverside in New York and Los Angeles and then I went on tour for most of 1990, which culminated in the end of November at the gig at the Olympia in Dublin. That was the end of the tour. I went away then, just cycling around the country, mainly around Kerry and a bit in County Clare.

Then, in January, I went down to Spanish Point to write a bunch of songs. But at this time I was still thinking that I would probably record the album in America, with an American producer. And I got the songs written. It was only then I was starting to spend more time in Dublin. I'd been away from Dublin for five years, working in America, and it just began to dawn on me very quickly that Dublin had changed very dramatically, and I felt very much part of Dublin and very excited about being in Dublin. And so I just happened to be walking around Temple Bar, in the middle of Dublin. There's a studio there called STS, where I'd done some recording before, and I knew all the people in there, so I said, okay, I'll go in and have a chat with the guys and see what's going on. And I did. Paul Barrett happened to be working with this well-known, fourpiece garage band, from the northside of Dublin called U-something-or-other and it just seemed to me that the work that U2 were doing in STS Studio was very special (Achtung Baby early demo tapes - ed.note) ...the atmosphere in there was very special. They were working with Paul Barrett, a man who I've had a lot of respect for, but I'd only really known him as an engineer. In fact, he'd been doing a lot of production work over the years, but mainly I suppose in some sort of an assistance capacity, because he didn't seem to be getting the credit as a producer.

But I felt there was just something going on when I went in there that day, that just changed my whole feeling, from one of not wanting to record an album in Ireland, to all of a sudden, I really wanted to make an album in Dublin, in this studio, with Paul Barrett producing.

U2 were going for a very raw rock and roll sound when they were there. What were you looking for? What was in your mind when you walked in?

You see, I don't... I'm no good on judging studios in terms of what a studio will give me. I can only really think in terms of "What's this room like to sing in?" I've no sense of judging drum sounds or guitar sounds or anything like that. It's all about atmosphere to me. It's 100% atmosphere. Other people have to make technological judgements. I was looking for a buzz in the area. When I recorded in RPM, when I recorded Riverside in New York, there was just a buzz in the area that I really tapped into. And I felt the same thing in Dublin. And this particular area, Temple Bar, was alive with bands and music everywhere, and this studio was bang in the middle of it. It just all felt right. Fortunately, Michael Hill of Warner Brothers was familiar with The Stars of Heaven, and loved The Stars of Heaven, who were a band that Paul Barrett had worked a lot with, and became very excited about the idea, even though they knew nothing about the studio, and so it just all fell right into place. Very surprisingly, from being a situation where I was determined to work with a American producer in America, and just like that, the decision was made. It's been very much a coming home process for me, it's full circle. Because five years ago, I left Ireland completely and totally. And then all of a sudden, in one day, making a decision, that I want to work here, in the center of Dublin, with an Irish producer.

Do you think Dublin has changed a lot in the last five years?

Very dramatically, yeah.

What is it, do you think?

I think a lot of it is the inhibition, the creative inhibitions that Irish people are notorious for. I mean, there are so many stories of Irish people leaving Ireland and going to America and discovering their creative flow. More and more I find in the last year that young Irish people particularly are doing just that at home. They're not inhibited, they're not afraid, they're not intimidated by the business, by record companies. They're not intimidated by management. They're not intimidated by decisions or about their own performances, or their own writing. They're just going for it in the way that people have been going for it in New York or Los Angeles or San Francisco, for decades. They're finally starting to do that, in Dublin, and all over the country.

I wanted to find an atmosphere that would help me to feel a sense of performance. Because that's what I am. I'm a performing songwriter, as opposed to a recording artist that does the odd show.

You had tried out quite a few of the songs, live, beforehands...

I haven't had much time to try out this batch of songs. Two or three of the songs on this record were written, literally, as I was going into the studio. And one of them was completed in the studio. So that was a new experience for me, to actually have new songs being recorded before they were performed. I like to test songs live before I record them.

So what about the "Acoustic Motorbike" thing... Where did that come from?

I was standing outside a restaurant near where I lived in Greenwich Village after we'd finished Riverside with my manager Tom Prendergast and ... I can't remember if his partner Glenn was there, but Michael Hill was there, and we were just talking about my music and the whole idea of this guy being alone with a guitar not playing traditional folk music, but it being a very contemporary thing. And we were also talking about bicycles, because I've become a bit of a bike freak, for lots of different reasons and we just got talking about this... and somewhere along the course of the conversation, I was talking about how Harley Davidsons were a symbol of rock and roll and the mountain bike feels like the symbol for what I do, how it's all very organic, and it's all very mobile and fluid, and Tom just came out with this phrase, the acoustic motorbike, and it stuck in my mind. I never dreamed of it really being an album cover, I don't think. But I certainly didn't intend it to become a song, until I did all the touring last year. One of the things that horrified me on the tour last year that was I felt that everywhere I went, every city I went to, whether it was in America or Canada, Europe or wherever, the one thing that I saw that horrified me most of all was just too many cars. There just seemed to me to be just too many cars in the world. And particularly this year, with people going out to the Gulf, to do battle over oil. I felt I wanted to, more and more, bring the image of the acoustic motorbike into my work. And it just became a cool image then. It just became something for me that fits in my music. It ties in with what I do. And I wrote about this cycle I took in Kerry in November, and called it "The Acoustic Motorbike". So there you go. (A chuckle and a broad smile appear on Luka's face.)

What about you cover of the LL Cool J song, "I Need Love"?

Well, one of the reasons for initially seeking out a song like "I Need Love" to learn was that as a solo artist, it's very easy to be categorized and I detest categories of any sort. I believe the whole purpose of categories now has just become completely redundant - simply because there is so much crossover going on, in styles and influences, and to be boxed as a folk singer in a sense is a kiss of death for someone like me, because I want to play for audiences who want to hear bands. I wanted to find something that people would least expect an Irish semi-acoustic singer songwriter to do. I'd been living in New York for a while and been hearing a lot of rap and I wanted to give it a lash. I found this to be a very challenging song - the most challenging song I've ever learned, so much so that when I tried to put it on Riverside, it just wasn't ready. I just hadn't got it. It took me a year to get the performance of this song right. It's the most complex song I've ever learned and what's interesting about it now is that having learned it and sung it a lot, it actually doesn't feel like such an alien thing anymore because Irish people are story tellers traditionally and so the idea of telling stories and talking over music is a traditional thing in a way, which is sort of hilarious when I think about it because I did the thing to get away from folk music in a way. And yet the more I do it, the more I realize that some of this stuff is really... I'd go so far as to say that in some respects rap music is possibly the closest thing to folk music there is left in the world because you hear people talking about life on the street, as it is, now, today, which is traditionally what folk music was all about. And very few people are doing that these days apart from Public Enemy, NWA, and The Jungle Brothers, who I really love. In certain respects these people are actually the real folk musician of our time and I didn't realize any of that or think about any of that when I learned this song. But they were sort of the general reasons why I wanted to learn it, but ultimately I stuck with it because I loved the song. I just think it's an incredible piece of poetry and great drama, and there's a great sense of somebody trying to come to terms with their life and their sexuality and all that stuff.

And you think if you hadn't spent time in New York... I mean, did being in New York actually draw you into rap? Is that where you started listening to rap, or do you think it was just a great song that you happened to hear?

Definitely living in New York. I mean everywhere I went it was what I heard. You know yourself from living in New York. It was what you hear from the cars in the middle of the night. It's blasting out of everywhere. It's great. I love it. Listening to all that stuff and just being in New York it just changed my attitude towards everything and but most importantly towards myself, in the way I play and the way I perceive the performances and stuff like that.

Do you miss that kind of music madness that you get in New York while being in Dublin ... walking up the street hearing 20 different types of music from different cultures...

No. I don't. I kind of feel that after so many years of trying to figure out where the hell I should be, I feel very comfortable being in Dublin. And I feel really glad that I have spent the amount of time that I have in New York so much so that I always look forward to going back. I always look forward to going to America. I love working in America. And I do feel a great sense of privilege of being able to come home. That means an awful lot to me, because initially I never really wanted to leave Ireland. I loved always being here. It was a matter of necessity. I had to get the hell out of here in order to survive. But I'm in this great position now that I've been able to come home and see my family and there's so many people in America from Ireland who aren't able to do that, so any feeling I have of missing the buzz of New York's streets is balanced out by that. There's a groove in Ireland, you know. There's an energy here. It's more subtle ... it's not as "out there" but there is a very beautiful groove going on here and I'm just ... I sort of feel a part of it in a way that I never did before.

Song of the Brave

Luka's "Rodrigo Is Home", recorded back in 1988 on his debut album on Mystery Records, tells the story of nineteen year old Rodrigo Rojas, burned alive on the streets of Santiago by members of the Chilean armed forces. Diana Theodores spoke with Rodrigo's mother, and the following is an edited transcript from the original piece, as published in 1988 in Dublin's Hot Press, as part of their "Front Line" column. Luka was currently on tour in the US with Hothouse Flowers at the time of this interview.

Chile was worlds away
But you could see it in his eyes
Growing up in the USA
Longing for Santiago
Rodrigo wanted to be where the action might be
Careful, Rodrigo, they said
Don't worry, what could happen to me?

It's Monday night in a club called Dylan's in Washington, DC, and the place is packed. I'm here with Luka Bloom - it's his gig and he's uncharacteristically nervous as he goes on stage.

In the audience sits a dark, intense woman, quietly sipping her drink. Her eyes never leave the stage. She is Veronica Rojas De Negri, the mother of Rodrigo, about whom Luka Bloom wrote the song, "Rodrigo Is Home". Sitting at the table with Rodrigo's mother is Isabelle Letelier, the widow of Orlando Letelier, the Chilean ambassador who was assassinated by Pinochet's agents in Washington, DC, over 10 years ago.

Luka Bloom introduces his song. Veronica clasps Isabelle's hand tightly over the table - two sisters in political refuge. As Bloom ripples into the opening verse of his poignant song, Veronica's eyes fill with tears. She is hearing the song for the first time. The song about her beloved, dead son. As Bloom strikes the last chord, the place erupts. Veronica applauds vigorously while she cries and she tells me her "heart has been torn out".

Chile grew dim in the mind of an American man
The voice inside the child cried, "Return"
Rodrigo is home

When Chilean president Salvador Allende was shot through the head on September 11th, 1973, Rodrigo Rojas and thousands of others could not know what extremes of brutality they would confront under the military government of General Augusto Pinochet. It has been fourteen years and the violence is not yet over. Violence is even categorized with terms like "los degollados" - the ones with slit throats - "los ahogados" - the drowned ones - and, the ones we hear about most often, "los desaparecidos" - the disappeared. ("Hear their head beat / Hear their heart beat.")

When I go to visit Veronica Rojas at her apartment, I knock and wait a long time. I hesitate to pound on the door because, I imagine, the sound may frighten her. After two years imprisonment and torture in the hands of the Chilean police, she would have cause to be shaken by the sound of aggressive knocking. So I wait.

Eventually, the door opens and Veronica invites me in. She sits me down in front of her photo collection while she gets herself ready. The photos document the life of her son: the little Rodrigo, the adolescent Rodrigo, Rodrigo the young man, Rodrigo's funeral. A bright flash of sunlight streaks across the room and I glance around. The small apartment is a lush mini-jungle of plants and the place is crammed with pottery, chimes, bright coloured cushions, books, records and pictures - a cheerful bohemian space in which there lives a woman with such a tragic tale to tell...

Soldiers hunt in packs
And cut down little children
In the city of deadly silence
And sickening screams
One young Chilean soldier smiles to his friends
And douses Rodrigo's body in gasoline

Veronica Rojas speaks of Rodrigo in the present tense. "Rodrigo loves music... Rodrigo takes very good photographs... He is dead", she says. "But he is still my child." She knows that, for now, she cannot go back to Chile, even to put flowers on her son's grave.

Rodrigo Rojas grew up in a middle class home. His father, Ramon, an inspiring politician, was noticeably absent from the scene. He had abandoned Veronica over the birth of Rodrigo - a child he never wanted. Still, the household was bustling with uncles and aunts and attention and conversations that focused on politics. Veronica leaned to the left, was involved in feminist issues and supported Allende. After Pinochet's overthrow, she helped families of the "disappeared".

When Rodrigo was eight years old his mother sent him to Quebec to visit relatives. Soon afterwards, in the year 1975, she was arrested in her home. Rodrigo would not see his mother again for two years. While he struggled with French and a new life without her support, Veronica Rojas suffered unimaginable physical and psychological assault in prison - morning, noon and night... Somehow, "by learning to become a brick wall" as she describes it, Veronica survived. After her release in 1977 she was reunited with Rodrigo and her young son, Pablo, who was born just before her arrest. They moved to Washington, DC, amidst a community of other Chilean refugees.

Chile grew dim in the mind of an American man
The voice inside the child cried, "Return"

Life in Washington was very, very tough. "We had no money, not even for the bus", recalls Veronica. "While I learned English, Rodrigo looked after Pablo and struggled with yet another new way of life. He couldn't cope with what had happened to me. He shut it out and he often shut me out. I knew that he loved me but part of him blamed me for what happened to us - for having to leave the Chile he remembered as a child and live with such hardship."

By all accounts Rodrigo was an exceptional boy. Veronica describes finding a diary written by Rodrigo when he was only six years old: "I will start to write a little of my life on each page... I was thinking about moving to the right wing of politics but I can't leave the left because I can't understand the suffering of the people... I also thought of buying a place and building a happy city."

"When I found this little diary", says Veronica, "I cried and cried."

"Rodrigo wanted to know everything, everything", she adds. "In Washington he spent much more time in the library of Congress than he did in school. He was scientific, artistic and musical. He used to spend hours and hours listening to classical music, playing the charengo (a ten string Inca Indian instrument) and reading poetry. But photography was his greatest love."

Veronica shows me an extraordinary collection of self-portraits and various scenes taken by the child photographer. "Rodrigo was unhappy in Washington. By the time he was sixteen he was rebelling against everything and everybody." School life at Wilson High bored Rodrigo. It seemed to trivial. So he quit.

Taking photographs, talking about Chile amongst his small circle of friends and dreaming and planning his return there took up most of his time. Against all advice from his family and friends, the nineteen-year-old Rodrigo finally realized his dream and took off for Chile with only his camera and his naivete - memories of Chile, the romantic fragments of a childhood, lost to him forever. As Washington journalist David Remnick put it, "Rodrigo saw himself as a photojournalist and wanted to be where the action was going to be..." Within a week of his arrival in Chile, Rodrigo photographed the funeral of a nineteen-year-old student killed by the police at a demonstration. "It was like he was taking pictures of his own funeral", says Veronica.

Six weeks later, Rodrigo with his camera and a friend, Carmen Gloria Quintana, were at a protest in another part of Santiago. They were separated from the crowd by members of the army, dragged down an isolated alley and unmercifully beaten with the butts of machine guns. Then they were forced to lie face down on the pavement, drenched in gasoline and ignited. As they writhed in flames the soldiers stood by and watched, chatting and laughing amongst themselves. That was July 2nd. Rodrigo died on July 6th, after days of suffering beyond human imagination.

Carmen Gloria survived and was exiled to Canada where she is still recovering. Veronica's account of her trip back to Chile to watch her son die and about the police brutality even at Rodrigo's funeral, using dogs and tear gas and water cannons while 5,000 people mourned, is told to me in struggling fits to maintain her composure. "November 2nd in Chile is called "El Dio de Los Santos", and everybody goes to the cemetery from all over to visit their loved ones. Here I am stuck. It is a very painful thing, not to be able to go to the cemetery of your own child."

Rodrigo is home
Rodrigo is home

"The government is not giving justice to Rodrigo but his own people are. And that to me is more important. Those criminals will never be punished. But I have my own justice."

Veronica Rojas now works as a Youth Service counsellor - the only Spanish speaking counsellor helping with cases of refugees, battered women and others in hardship. She regularly tours the USA on speaking engagements, telling her story of Rodrigo, "not for pity but because I want to do something", she says. "We must stop these crimes. We must protest. I don't want other kids to suffer like Rodrigo. There is so much to be done. The meaning of Rodrigo's death is not about a single death. It is about the tragedy of the Chilean people. And it could happen here and in Ireland too."

"Luka's song is not an invasion of my privacy. Even though Rodrigo is my kid, it is a universal event", she adds. For Bloom, performing the song he wrote after reading about Rodrigo's case, "always bears a sense of tragedy - as though I were breaking the news to her. In a way, Rodrigo's creativity was his crime."

Veronica tires, so the interview draws to a close. She has many miles to go before she sleeps. "I was very moved to see Luka living what he was singing and playing when he performed the song. I feel that is justice. Rodrigo would be very pleased to know that maybe his death is an awakening."

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